This document describes installing Zope with
(the recommended method) or via
In order to install Zope, you must have the following prerequisites available:
A supported version of Python, including the development support if installed from system-level packages. Supported versions include 3.5 up to 3.8.
Zope needs the Python
zlibmodule to be importable. If you are building your own Python from source, please be sure that you have the headers installed which correspond to your system’s
A C compiler capable of building extension modules for your Python (gcc recommended).
If you are using a Python interpreter shipping with your Linux distribution, you need to install the matching Python development package. As example, for Python 3 on Ubuntu 18.04, you have to type the following:
$ sudo apt-get install python3-dev
zc.buildout is a powerful
tool for creating repeatable builds of a given software configuration
and environment. The Zope developers use
zc.buildout to develop
Zope itself, as well as the underlying packages it uses. This is the
recommended way of installing Zope.
Installing the Zope software using
zc.buildout involves the following
- Download and uncompress the Zope source distribution from PyPI if you are using the built-in standard buildout configuration
- Create a virtual environment
zc.buildoutinto the virtual environment
- Run the buildout
The following examples are from Linux and use Zope version 4.1. Just replace that version number with your desired version.
$ wget https://pypi.org/packages/source/Z/Zope/Zope-4.1.tar.gz $ tar xfvz Zope-4.1.tar.gz $ cd Zope-4.1 $ python3.7 -m venv . $ bin/pip install -U pip zc.buildout $ bin/buildout
Instead of using the buildout configuration shipping with Zope itself, you can also start with your own buildout configuration file.
The installation with a custom buildout configuration does not require you to download Zope first:
$ python3.7 -m venv zope $ cd zope <create buildout.cfg in this folder> $ bin/pip install -U pip zc.buildout $ bin/buildout
Here’s a minimum
buildout.cfg configuration example:
[buildout] extends = https://zopefoundation.github.io/Zope/releases/4.1/versions-prod.cfg parts = zopescripts [zopescripts] recipe = zc.recipe.egg interpreter = zopepy eggs = Zope Paste
To make your life a lot easier, you can use
to automate a lot of the configuration tasks from the following document,
Configuring and Running Zope.
plone.recipe.zope2instance has a myriad configuration
options, please see the
[buildout] extends = https://zopefoundation.github.io/Zope/releases/4.1/versions-prod.cfg parts = zopeinstance [zopeinstance] recipe = plone.recipe.zope2instance user = admin:adminpassword http-address = 8080 zodb-temporary-storage = off
One feature this kind of installation offers is the easy integration of WSGI
servers other than the built-in
waitress. You can specify a file path to a
WSGI configuration file to use when starting the Zope instance. This works for
WSGI servers that offer a PasteDeply-compatible entry point, like
You will need to create the
.ini file yourself, and don’t forget to
include the WSGI server software egg in the
[zopeinstance] recipe = plone.recipe.zope2instance eggs = gunicorn user = admin:adminpassword http-address = 8080 zodb-temporary-storage = off wsgi = /path/to/zope.ini
Installing the Zope software using
pip involves the following
- Create a virtual environment (There is no need to activate it.)
- Install Zope and its dependencies
Example steps on Linux. Replace the version number “4.1” with the latest version you find on https://zopefoundation.github.io/Zope/:
$ python3.7 -m venv zope $ cd zope $ bin/pip install -U pip $ bin/pip install Zope[wsgi]==4.1.3 \ -c https://zopefoundation.github.io/Zope/releases/4.1.3/constraints.txt
You can also install Zope using a single requirements file. Note that this
installation method might install packages that are not actually needed (i. e.
more than are listed in the
install_requires section of
$ bin/pip install \ -r https://zopefoundation.github.io/Zope/releases/4.1.3/requirements-full.txt