Installing Zope via
This document describes how to install Zope into a
In order to install Zope, you must have the following prerequisites available:
A supported version of Python, including the development support if installed from system-level packages. Supported versions include:
Zope needs the Python
zlibmodule to be importable. If you are building your own Python from source, please be sure that you have the headers installed which correspond to your system’s
A C compiler capable of building extension modules for your Python (gcc recommended).
If you are using a Python interpreter shipping with your Linux distribution, you need to install the matching Python development package. As example, for Python 3 on Ubuntu 18.04, you have to type the following:
$ sudo apt-get install python3-dev
Create a Virtual Environment¶
$ python3.6 -m venv zope $ cd zope
You might need to install
For example, on Ubuntu 18.04 you have to type the following:
$ sudo apt-get install python3-venv
If you are still using Python 2.7, install virtualenv onto your system, then call:
$ virtualenv --python=python2.7 zope New python executable in zope/bin/python2.7 Installing setuptools, pip, wheel...done. $ cd zope
Make sure you use at least version
12.0.1 of virtualenv
virtualenv --version tells you the used version
Older versions install a pip version which is not compatible with
the file format of
requirements-full.txt used in Zope.
It is recommended to update pip to the lastest version.
$ path/to/your/pip install --upgrade pip
Install the Zope Software Packages¶
Look for the release you want to install on
https://zopefoundation.github.io/Zope/. Than use the specific
requirements-full.txt in the URL, replacing 4.0b7 in the example below:
$ bin/pip install Zope==4.0b7 -c https://zopefoundation.github.io/Zope/releases/4.0b7/constraints.txt ... Obtaining Zope ... Successfully installed ...
You can also install Zope using a single requirements file. Note that this
installation method might install packages that are not actually needed (i. e.
are not listed in the
install_requires section of
$ bin/pip install \ -r https://zopefoundation.github.io/Zope/releases/4.0b7/requirements-full.txt
If you are on Python 2 and want to use ZServer instead of WSGI , you’ll have to install that package seperately using the version spec in constraints.txt
$ bin/pip install \ -c https://zopefoundation.github.io/Zope/releases/4.0b7/constraints.txt \ ZServer
Creating a Zope instance¶
The following steps describe how to install a WSGI based Zope instance. If you want/have to use ZServer instead of WSGI (Python 2 only!) follow the documentation Creating a Zope instance for Zope 2.13, .
Once you’ve installed Zope, you will need to create an “instance
home”. This is a directory that contains configuration and data for a
Zope server process. The instance home is created using the
$ bin/mkwsgiinstance -d .
You will be asked to provide a user name and password for an
administrator’s account during
mkwsgiinstance. To see the
available command-line options, run the script with the
$ bin/mkwsgiinstance --help
The -d . argument specifies the directory to create the instance
If you follow the example and choose the current directory, you’ll
find the instances files in the subdirectories of the
etc/will hold the configuration files.
var/will hold the database files.